Market risk

Market risk can be defined as the risk of losses in on and off-balance sheet positions arising from adverse movements in market prices. From a regulatory perspective, market risk stems from all the positions included in banks' trading book as well as from commodity and foreign exchange risk positions in the whole balance sheet. Traditionally, trading book portfolios consisted of liquid positions easy to trade or hedge. However, developments in banks' portfolios have led to an increase in the presence of credit risk and illiquid positions not suited to the original market capital framework. To address these flaws, material changes in the market risk framework (generally known as ‘Basel 2.5') have been introduced by the CRD III. The EBA, through the publication of its guidelines intend to foster convergence in the implementation of some of these new capital requirements, namely the stressed value at risk (stressed VaR) and the incremental risk charge (IRC) introduced to adequately capture credit risk. The EBA will also draft some draft regulatory standards (RTS) to clarify and better articulate some requirements provided for in the new CRDIV/CRR text.

Technical Standards, Guidelines & Recommendations

  • Discussion Paper on EU implementation of MKR and CCR revised standards

    This paper discusses some of the most important technical and operational challenges to implement the FRTB and SA-CCR in the EU. The paper aims at providing some preliminary views on how these implementation issues could be addressed and, at the same time, seeks early feedback from the stakeholders on the proposals. The paper also puts forward a roadmap for the development of the regulatory deliverables on the FRTB and SA-CCR included in the CRR2 proposal.

    Status: Under development

  • Discussion paper on the treatment of structural FX under Article 352(2) of the CRR

    The paper outlines the rationale behind the treatment of structural positions as well as broader issues related to the structural FX concept, such as the actual nature of FX risk, considering both the accounting and regulatory perspectives. It also examines in greater detail the potential inconsistencies in the articulation of the FX requirements, both in the current Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) as well as in the CRR2 proposal for institutions applying the standardised and internal model approaches.

    Status: Under development

  • Amending RTS on CVA proxy spread

    These amending RTS on CVA proxy spread address difficulties associated with the determination of proxy spreads for large numbers of counterparties as well as issues linked with LGDMKT. They specify cases where alternative approaches can be used for the purposes of identifying an appropriate proxy spread and LGDMKT thus leading to a more adequate calculation of own funds requirements for CVA risk.

    Status: Final draft adopted by the EBA and submitted to the European Commission

  • Guidelines on corrections to modified duration for debt instruments

    These Guidelines establish what type of adjustments to the Modified Duration (MD), defined according to the formulas in Article 340(3) of the CRR, have to be performed in order to reflect appropriately the effect of the prepayment risk. These draft Guidelines are relevant for institutions applying the standardised approach for general risk on debt instruments under the Duration-Based calculation.

    Status: Final and translated into the EU official languages

Opinions, Reports and other Publications




  • EBA Report results from the 2018 Market Risk Benchmarking Report [1,934.9KB]

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published today two reports on the consistency of risk weighted assets (RWAs) across all EU institutions authorised to use internal approaches for the... Read more


  • Report on 2016 CVA risk monitoring exercise [1,022.6KB]

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published today a Report on its 2016 CVA risk monitoring exercise, which assesses the impact on own funds requirements of the reintegration of the transactions... Read more


  • EBA Report on CRM framework [952.7KB]

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published today a Report, which assesses the current Credit Risk Mitigation (CRM) framework, as part of its work on the review of the IRB approach. This Report... Read more